Australia is known for its beautiful landscapes, diverse culture, and laid-back lifestyle. Living in Australia is an experience unlike any other, and if you’re looking to make the move or just want to learn more about the Australian lifestyle, you’re in the right place.
Australia is known the world over as a liberal and democratic nation, these factors, combined with a warm climate and exotic landscapes rank among the most popular reasons why people choose to move to Australia.
Quality of Life in Australia
Quality of life is a difficult measure to determine; many factors affect an average person’s capacity to live in any given place such as crime, access to healthcare, political stability, infrastructure and that is without taking into account any significant personal circumstances, of which everyone has.
Human Development Index
The Human Development Index (HDI) is one of the most widely respected and quoted measurements of a country’s development in terms of quality of life for the average person. While countries such as China have rapidly developed in recent years, the quality of life for most people remains relatively low.
The United Nations Development Programme carries out the most widely used Human Development Index and takes into account the following conditions:
- Life expectancy
- Literacy rate
- Education standards
- Child welfare
- Gross National Income (GNI) per capita
- Standard of living determined by GDP per capita
The most recent HDI was published in 2011 and ranked Australia second in the world, behind only Norway.
|Human Development Index 2011|
|Source: UN Development Programme|
All Australians are guaranteed the following rights:
- Respect for equal worth, dignity and freedom of the individual
- Freedom of speech and association
- Rreedom of religion and a secular government
- Support for parliamentary democracy and the rule of law
- Equality under the law
- Equality of men and women
- Equality of opportunity
Australia’s tradition, which originally lay in its British colonial history changed drastically in the aftermath of World War II; the country’s population grew significantly – from 7 million in 1945 to almost 23 million today, including 6.5 million migrants.
Like few other countries in the world, Australia is a country fuelled by migration. While the Indigenous Australian culture still holds significant influence in Australia, the country’s culture and lifestyle has been infused with Greek, Asian, Middle Eastern and many other cultures, all against a familiar British backdrop.
Australian tourism might have received a welcome boost after the success of Crocodile Dundee but the country has also struggled to shake off a stereotype at odds with the cosmopolitan, city lifestyle the majority of the population leads.
A common assumption often made is that most Australians live a rural lifestyle, in the Outback. However, almost all towns and cities in Australia are dotted along the country’s coasts and as many as 75% of all Australians live in the states’ capital cities.
Australians are known for their friendly, relaxed attitudes, and welcoming nature. The country is multicultural, with people from all over the world calling Australia home. Australians value equality, diversity, and a fair go for all, and the country has a strong sense of community.
The warm Australian climate is typically conducive to an outdoor lifestyle, meaning many Australians will spend large amounts of time either at the beach or in parks or participating in sport.
One common assumption that certainly rings true is Australians’ love for sport. While cricket, Aussie rules football and rugby are the three most cited examples of Australia’s prowess at sport, they alone do not do the country’s fervour justice.
Australia finished fourth in the medal table in the 2004 Olympic Games in Athens and sixth in Beijing in 2008; a 10th place finish in 2012 was seen as a major disappointment for Australia.
Other popular sports in Australia include tennis, golf, football (soccer in Australia), hockey and baseball.
However, while an enthusiasm for sport is far from a rare trend in a nation, Australia stands out in its participation rate. A recent survey showed over 11 million Australians over the age of 15 – almost 70% of the population – exercised at least once a week.
Some of the most popular activities included walking, aerobics, swimming, tennis, golf, bushwalking, football, cycling and netball.
Like Australia’s love for sport, the typical national diet is heavily influenced by the weather.
While all British favourites – Sunday roasts, pies and puddings – are readily available, Australia’s diet typically consists of fresh, healthy and seasonal food. This means native Australian meats and breads as well as fish and organically grown vegetables.
The country’s diversity also weighs a heavy influence on its cuisine. The term ‘Modern Australian’ has now become a culinary term which refers to dishes with a mixture of Asian, Mediterranean and British ingredients and techniques.
Typical global food chains such as McDonalds, Subway, KFC, Burger King (also known as Hungry Jacks) are as prevalent in Australia as anywhere else while plenty of other takeaways can be found in almost all town and city centres.
There are several foods which Australia is famous for, primarily Vegemite. The dark brown yeast extract is famous the world over for its divisiveness but in Australia it can be found on Scrolls – pastry baked with Vegemite and cheese, pastries and as a breakfast staple.
Other quintessentially Australian foods include Anzac biscuits – soft sweet oat biscuits with coconut and golden syrup, Lamingtons – small sponge cakes covered in chocolate and coconut and Fairy bread – sliced white bread cut into triangles and topped with sprinkles.
Pavlova, the meringue dessert, is the subject of much debate as to whether it originated in Australia or New Zealand but can still be found across Australia either way.
The national language of Australia is English but there are over 200 languages, including many Indigenous Australian languages, spoken within its borders.
While the majority of people can speak English, some people find it hard to adjust the Australian accent and an increase use of slang compared to other English speaking countries.
However, there is ultimately little difference between Australian English and British English, both the dialect and the spelling.
Australian interaction tends to be more informal than in Britain, colleagues will often call each other by their first names and the term ‘mate’ is used a lot.
While language may be informal, Australia has similar customs to Britain when it comes to physical contact. A handshake is much more common than a hug or a kiss and Australians will form orderly queues.
Australia has a world-class education system, with many top universities and schools. The country is known for its innovative approach to education, and many universities offer courses in cutting-edge fields such as artificial intelligence and biotechnology. The education system is also multicultural, with students from all over the world coming to study in Australia.
1. What is the weather like in Australia?
The climate in Australia varies depending on where you are in the country. In the north, the climate is tropical, with hot, humid summers and mild winters. In the south, the climate is temperate, with mild summers and cool winters.
2. What are the best places to live in Australia?
Some of the best places to live in Australia include Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Adelaide, and Perth. Each city has its own unique culture and lifestyle, so it’s important to do your research and choose a city that aligns with your personal values and preferences.
3. What is the cost of living in Australia?
The cost of living in Australia varies depending on where you live and your lifestyle. Generally speaking, Australia is a relatively expensive country, with high housing costs and a high cost of living.
4. What is the healthcare system like in Australia?
Australia has a public healthcare system that provides affordable and high-quality healthcare to all citizens and permanent residents. Private healthcare is also available, with many Australians choosing to supplement their public healthcare with private insurance.
5. What are the values of Australians?
Australians value equality, diversity, and a fair go for all. The country has a strong sense of community and is known for its friendly, relaxed attitudes.